On 6th July 2015, in the wake of revelations of a massive corruption scandal involving Prime Minister Najib Razak, BERSIH 2.0 issued a press statement calling for 10 institutional reforms to stop corruption and call for clean and fair elections.
To make electoral defeats of corrupt politicians more probable:
- Make the Election Commission accountable to the Parliament, with EC members nominated by parliamentary parties based on vote share.
- Clean up the electoral rolls, ensuring level-playing field in contestation, and eliminating malapportionment and gerrymandering before the next general elections.
To break power concentration and unaccountability of the Executive:
- Stop Mahathir’s legacy of the Prime Minister simultaneously holding the portfolio of Minister of Finance.
- Introduce parliamentary reform to enable more effective scrutiny of the Executive and more consultative law making, as per recommendations by BERSIH 2.0 and the Coalition for Parliamentary Reform (CPR).
- Make the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) a constitutional body answerable to Parliament and imbue the MACC with both investigative and prosecutorial powers.
- Restrict the role of Attorney-General (AG) to providing legal advice to the Federal Government, with the prosecutory power transferred to an independent office of Director of Public Prosecutions.
- Establish Freedom of Information (FOI) Laws at the federal and state levels.
- Make public declaration of assets – including those of spouses — mandatory for all members of the Cabinet, all deputy ministers and all officers holding top offices in government and government-linked companies (GLCs).
To protect political dissent:
- Abolish draconian laws, such as the Sedition Act 1948; Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015; Peaceful Assembly Act 2012; Security Offences (Special Measures) Act 2012; and amend provisions of Penal Code which violate freedoms and rights.
- Establish an Independent Police Complaints and Misconduct Commission (IPCMC) to depoliticise the Royal Malaysia Police and turning it from a violator of human rights into a protector of human rights.
The same press statement also called for Najib to go on leave pending investigations into the 1MDB corruption scandal, the accounts of Najib and his family members to be frozen and for investigations to be completed as soon as possible.
Following this statement, Najib continued to dismantle and interfere with ongoing investigations. As a result, on 29 July 2015, BERSIH 2.0 announced a fourth mass rally would be held for 34 hours on the streets of Kuala Lumpur, Kuching and Kota Kinabalu. The demands for this rally incorporated the 10 institutional reforms into 5 simple demands:
- Clean elections
- Clean government
- The right to dissent
- Protect parliamentary democracy
- Save the economy
The rally saw 500,000 people gather locally and in 65 cities globally over the two days to demand institutional reforms and the resignation of Prime Minister Najib Razak. The rally was conducted peacefully and ended at midnight on 31st August 2015, with the singing of Negaraku.
[BERSIH 4 Audited Accounts]
[Malay Mail Online – Bersih 2.0 releases 2,126-page accounts for Bersih 4]